Theme: Celebration
Subject:Social studies
Class: Standard Four
Duration: 4 – 6weeks
Goal: 1- To create awareness on the various natural regions within our country
2- To engage pupils in discussions about our past history and how it shaped us as a people and a nation.
3- Identify and reflect on some key individuals who were responsible for fighting for Belizean Nationality.
Rationale:
Belize is a young and growing nation which had a historic past of colonialism. Under this system the masses suffered and the nation was held captive as it could not decide its own destiny. It took the efforts of a few strong Belizeans who had the vision to stand up in order to fight for our identity as Belizeans. Through this unit pupils will be able to develop a renewed interest in the development of their country.
Topic: Belize
Content
Objectives:
Teaching learning strategies
Evaluation
Sub-Topic:
(1) Our Country Belize as a part of Planet Earth
– Geographical features
(wk 1)
Physical features (.Boundaries of Belize
(Wk 1)
. Natural Regions of Belize/ and their importance
(wk 2
(2) Belize a Historical Backdrop (- Movement from Settlement to Colony(wk2)
Belize and its neighbors
(Wk 3)
-Belize from Colony to an independent Nation (wk 3)
(3) National Symbols of Belize
– National Flag, bird, animal, tree, flower, anthem, prayer
(wk4)
(4) National Heroes
(wk 4)
References:
Caribbean Social Studies Book 4 pages 5 – 12, 38, 85
How we are governed
Atlas of the World
Atlas of Belize
Materials:
Map of Belize
Atlas of the world
text book
newsprint
markers
handouts
Skills:
Discussing
researching
identifying
Attitudes:
Cooperating
Appreciation
Respect
. Belize is situated on planet earth. It is bounded on the north and a part of the West by Mexico, to the South and the remainder of the West by Guatemala.
. Belize is a subtropical country situated on Central America. It is the only English Speaking country on this part of the Americas and has only two seasons namely the dry and the rainy season.
. There are several Natural Regions in Belize. This includes the Northern Lowlands, the Coastal Plains, Maya Mountains, Cayes, Caves and the Karst Country.
. Different crops and vegetations exist on the Natural Regions of Belize.
Belize was a British Colony which started out as a small settlement at the mouth of the Belize River. This was called the Honduras settlement.
Some historical periods in the history of Belize are
Mid 1600’s Ex-pirates settle at the mouth of the Belize River where they cut logwood for shipment to Britain.
1798- Battle of Saint Georges Caye.
1862- Belize became a colony.
Britain recognized it and took control over its administration.
1871- Belize Became officially recognized by Britain. (Crown Colony) A British Governor was sent to oversee the settlement.
1919- Soldiers returning home from war and serving on the British side riots because of unfair treatment in England.
1929- Great Depression
1930’s- Antonio Soberanis leads the people to demonstrate unfair treatment under the hands of the British. This leads to the formation of Labor Unions and the organization of the workers.
31/12/49- British Governor devalues the Belize Dollar. The People’s Forum later Committee is Formed to fight the cause of the people.
1954- Universal Adult Suffrage: All British subjects in the colony 21 years and older got the rights to vote.
1964- Self Government
1981 – Independence
Belize has its national symbols. They are
(1) National Flag
(2) National Anthem
(3) National bird – Toucan
(4) National Tree – Mahogany
(5) National Flower – Black orchid
(6) National Animal- Tapir
There are people in the history of Belize who has contributed positively to its growth and development. These people have lead people in organized demonstrations, riots, public meetings etc in order to create an awareness of the importance of a Belizean nation. These people includes:
George Price: He was a member of the People’s Committee, the General Workers Union, and the People’s United Party. He is considered the Father of Belizean Independence because he was the person who lead Belize to independence from Great Britain.
Philip Goldson: Fought for the rights of Belizeans in the National Assembly. He is noted for service beyond self. He served in the People’s Committee, People’s United Party, Honduras Independence Party, National Independence Party and United Democratic Party. For many years he was the only opposition voice in the National Assembly of Belize. He is noted for being one of the only people to be imprisoned in Belize for sedition against the queen of England.
Antonio Soberanis: He was a barber by profession who formed the Labor and Unemployed Brigade in the early 1930’s. He was instrumental in leading the people in demonstrations and riots against the British oppressive system of Colonialism. He negotiated for workers rights and was not afraid to negotiate with the British on behalf of the people.
Belize is a part of Central America and a part of the Caribbean.
Through the use of maps and models pupils will be able to:
(1) Draw and label a map of Belize
(2) Discuss and explain the importance of the Natural Regions to Belize Development.
(3) Locate Belize in relation to Central America and the Caribbean
(4) Acceptance of responsibility to care for Belize
1.retell acquired information about colonialism told my parents/ grandparents
(2) create a timeline of incidents in the life of Belize as a colony.
(3) Appreciate and respect patriotic songs of Belize
(1) Draw pictures of the National Symbols and explain each
(2) Research the significance of the symbols
(3) Demonstrate respect for the National Symbols of Belize
(1) Relate stories told by parents/ grandparents/ guardians about Belizean Heroes
(2) Construct a booklet of the profile of Belizean Heroes past and present.
(3) Value the contribution of National Heroes to Belizean Society
Discussion Method
-Pupils will be given a puzzle in groups to arrange which say “Belize”
-Discuss what they know about Belize
-Will get responses and then write them on the chalkboard
-Place students into cooperative learning groups for five to ten minutes
-Each group will be provided with focus question and supporting details
-Elicit response from each group using questioning techniques
-After each response from groups, teacher summarizes main points before eliciting from another group.
-Teacher writes main points on the chalkboard/charts.
-Teacher summarizes main concepts and ideas at the end of the discussion.
-Provide students with reinforcement activities.
Guided Discovery
-Pupils will visit the stations for five minutes to read and answer some questions that will be provided
-Will discuss and share with the class their answers
-Will discuss events with pupils that occurred from Belize was a settlement until it became independent
Observe the events on a time-line
-Match date and event in groups
Discussion Method
-Present the pupils with the national symbols made into puzzle pieces
-Elicit from them what they formed in their groups
-Elicit from them what they know about the specific item they formed
-Present pupils with some information
-Will do a research on more information about the symbols for the next class
-Will present their information to the class
-Reinforce the information with the class
-Will have pupils work in stations to read and answer guided questions about some national heroes of Belize
-Present their findings to the class
-Present information to the class about the heroes
- Research information about the heroes from parents, grandparents
-Have them match information in groups
-
Portfolio
Pupils will compile a portfolio of concepts taught during the unit.
Teacher will prepare a rubric with criteria and rating scales to test the students understanding of the topic.
Presentation
Pupils will research on certain topics. They will draw diagrams and have class presentations. A checklist/ rubric will be utilized to state observation.
Quizzes
Short quizzes of multiple choice test items, cloze and matching will be prepared for pupils. They will be collected, marked and feedback given.